Monday, June 26, 2006

Module 4: Elizabeth Video

1. Why did Mary hate Elizabeth?
Mary hated Elizabeth because she was Catholic while Elizabeth was a Protestant. She also hated her because Elizabeth was a bustard child of Henry VIII and Ann Boleyn.

2. What was the role of the Anglican church in Elizabeth's reign? What is the significance of Elizabeth's position?
In Elizabeth’s eyes church was the one thing that would unite people of England under one country. The significance of Elizabeth position is that she becomes the head of the church.

3. Who wanted to marry Elizabeth and why?
King of Spain was the first one who wanted to marry her in order to make an alliance between England and Spain. The second one was a French duke. He wanted to marry her for the same reason as King of Spain. Marring French duke would also end conflict between these two countries.

4. Who was Elizabeth's lover? Does she kill him/ Why or why not?
Elizabeth’s lover was Sir Robert Dudley and she does not kill him. The reason is that she wanted him alive to remind her how close she came to death.

5. Discuss her transformation into the Virgin Queen. Why is this significant?
Her transformation is quite powerful one. She cuts her hair, makes her hair line higher, paints her face white and puts on halo collar all to show her power and virginity. With this transformation she declares that she will never marry a man because she is married to England.

6. It is said that Elizabeth I was one of the best English monarchs; based on this movie, why do you think this is true?
She is strong monarch because despite all the things in her life she was able to transform herself. She defeated all the adds and broth her country to a Golden Age. If that does not makes her good monarch I dod not know what does.

7. How does her role change the definition of women in power?
First she refused to have anyone control her life. She decided that she does not need a man despite everybody telling her that she does. She took her life in her own hands and became one of the most successful queens in history of England.

Module 5: reading assignment 4

The similarity between Modest Proposal and the Rape of the Lock is that they both address an issue in society. However the similarity ends there. While Alexander Pope mocks the societies failure to seek more important issues. Swift gives a solution to his socialites problem that are unrealistic and unhumanly.

Module 5: reading assignment 3

Satire is witty language used to convey insults or scorn. According to Jonathan Swift "he used sarcasm to upset his opponent"; "irony is wasted on the stupid"; "Satire is a sort of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover everybody's face but their own"(
In Lady’s Dressing Room Swift uses satire to demonstrate how two faced women are. He describes women’s dressing room which itself becomes a satire. He also attacks man and their view of women. Man see women as perfection and according to Swift they are everything but.
In a the response by Lady WM she contradict everything that Swift wrote in his poem. She argues that women are beautiful and clean. Her poem shows good qualities of women and their nature.
Modest proposal depicts horrific conditions of Ireland and the lives of the Irish people in 1729. In his essay he gives a solution of how to solve surplus of children. According to Swift the best way to solve this problem is to sell children to wealthy land owners. However, he does not stop here he goes as far as to suggest using of children as a food and clothing. If his intention was to upset someone he did a fine job with this essay.

Module 5: reading assignment 2

Poem to The Fair Clarinda is a declaration of love for another women. Behn explores a sexual relationship between two women and their desires. Also with this poem she talks about British gentlemen, and criticizes them. .What I mean by this is she is saying how publicly man are against lesbian relationship while secretly they are fantasizing about them.

Module 5- Assignment 4

The Rape of the Lock and A Modest Proposal are both very similar in their use of satire. They both overexaggerate problems in society to a level that they should not be considered. However, in A Modest Proposal, a very serious issue is being addressed, but it’s solution is an absurd solution. In The Rape of the Lock, a simple problem, of Belinda lossing a lock of hair is being addressed. Both still get their points across by using sarcasm to relay how society really needs to change and re-evalutate things in life

Module 5 - Reading Assignment 4

The "Rape of the Lock" and "A Modest Proposal" both a pieces of literature satire. They both overexagerrate the details of a situation. In "A Modest Proposal," Ireland's economical problem is solved with cannibalism. Its a real life problem solved with a stupid answer. And in "Rape of the Lock" Belinda loses a piece of hair and it starts fighting among families. This is a stupid problem with a stupid outcome.

Module 5 - Reading Assignment 3

Satire is a literary technique using sarcasm and wit to enhance irony.
Swift uses satire in his writings to suggests the the poor people of Ireland seel their babies to the wealthy people for food. This would give the poor people money and the wealthy people nutrition.
The Lady Mary Wortley Montague decribes women as they should be viewed, and not as Swift views them. They are more than beautiful, they have a personality of their own.
"A Modest Proposal" has no purpose. I feel that it an idea by Swift that is totally appalling and satirical. It suggests that Ireland should eat poor babies to help it out of economic, and social despair.

Module 5 - Reading Assignment 2

"To the Fair Clarinda" is a poem about love and the desire to be around the one you love. The narrator is deeply in love with Clarinda and wants to be her lover. It touches on the changes in sexual development and the effort to stay in love through the change.

Module 4 Assignment 6


1. This is about continuous beauty. Old people die and make relatives sad. Eventually you become your own enemy and the beauty dies also.

12. This questions beauty because summer comes to an end. Therefore, all beauty will come to an end at some point. When someone stays beautiful forever they are to be saved and studied to find out why.

15. Youth is the best time in life. After that it all goes downhill, so live it up.

18. His love is perfect. Even more perfect than beauty. It is a never ending love and beauty, better than a warm summers day.

20. This brings Shakespeare's homosexuality to light. It is about a gentle man who is adored by both men and women. He believes this person is a woman in a man's body. Although his loves this man, he knows that he is meant to be with women.

29. He feels like an outcast. He wishes that he was more like this other man. What used to satisfy him no longer does. When he feels like this though, he thinks of the one eh loves, and he is no longer sad.

30. This is about him thinking about his past. He dwells on the time that he wasted and all the things he wanted to do but did not do. He cries about all this and friends that he has lost. When he thinks about his love though, all those feelings go away.

31. This is about the loss of past lovers and friends. They stand for death and now so does he.

33. He has seen many beautiful mornings and they have been hidden by dark clouds. He applies this to his feeling of happiness that is hidden by the loss of his love. Despite his loss, he loves the man anyway.

William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare was a great playwright and poet. He was born circa April 23, 1564. He went to grammar school in Stratford. He was married to Anne Hathaway and had two daughters and a son. The son died around age 14. The years before Shakespeare became known as a writer, are known as his "dark years" because there was no record of his life at this time. His career began as a playwright. He also acted in many plays. He became a poet when the plague caused the theaters to be shut down. He helped to open the Globe Theater and was a member of the Chamberlain's Men acting group. He owned many properties and was very popular with royalty. He died on April 23, 1616.

module 4 assignment 5

Donne seemed to be very against the idea of having a nation that did not have the church as the center of government. He wanted to make the Americas another Britain. The goal for the Americas, though, was to make it a different place. He did not understand how people could live without the Anglican church. If more people would have listened to Donne about his ideas and beliefs, we would not have the America that we have today. The whole concept of freedom may have meant something totally different. Who knows, The USA may have been run by the Anglican church, and we may have still been just a territory of England instead of one of the strongest countries in the world.

module 4 assignment 4

Christopher Marlowe wrote beautiful love poems. He must have been a busy person to have written so many plays and poems...and be a spy in the Queen's secret service. It seems that in 16th century everyone who worked for the Queen was accused or accusing others of treason or blasphemy. Although, it was probably very difficult not to commit some sort of crime with how strict laws were, especially about religion. Marlowe died fairly young, but he created many works and a history that we still read about today.

Sunday, June 25, 2006

Activity 1- posted on the other blog????

The Renaissance

When I think of the Renaissance I think of uncomfortable clothes and big hair on the one side and suffering artists on the other, truly the Hollywood version. In fact for one of the shortest time periods on our timeline change is rapid and huge. The invention of the printing press made information available to the masses, similar to the invention of the internet information had the ability to make individual ideas into big ideas. Humanism is reborn and man is considered a reflection of god. Man is responsible for becoming the best representation of god that
he can be.
It seems the people of the Renaissance promoted the “rebirth” as a way to distance them from what they coined as the Middle Ages, those dark and dreary times just prior to 1300 (Daniels & Hyslop, 2005, p.161). The Renaissance was a self fulfilling prophecy which led to some of the greatest ideas of our time. Educating women became a regular practice in the upper classes. Plastic surgery was invented when Gaspare Tagliacozzi (1545-1599) repaired a patient’s nose, damaged from a bad case of syphilis with skin from his arm (Haugen, 2001, p.214) Penicillin and condoms come later. Copernicus discovers it is the sun, not the earth that is the center of the universe. Financed by the Medici family Leonardo DaVinci is the poster child of the “Renaissance Man” he is handsome, well paid and a vegetarian. DaVinci imagines a flying machine, creates the Vitruvian man and paints The Last Supper and the Mona Lisa all between 1452 and 1519. Michelangelo’s David depicts the most beautiful example of the male form only recently replaced by the guy on the Abercrombie bags. Machiavelli writes “the Prince” and the church accepts humanism as acceptable, arguing “a virtuous rich man could enhance society with patronage of buildings and the arts and make life more comfortable for the poor” (Daniels & Hyslop, 2005, p.167). In 1564 William Shakespeare is born and writes theater for the masses until his death in1616.
And there you have it, the Renaissance in two-three paragraphs.

Daniels, P., & Hyslop, S. (2005). The Renaissance. In (Ed.), Almanac of World History (pp. 162-168). Washington D.C.: National Geographic.
Haugen, P. (2001). World History for Dummies. Hoboken N.J.: Wiley Publishing.

A Modest Proposal

The complete name of Jonathon Swifts essay is " A Modest Proposal: For preventing the children of poor people in Ireland from being a burden to their parents or country, and for making them beneficial to the public, tells half the story.

This is a satire to top all satires. Swifts recommendation is to fatten up the poor children and sell them at market to feed the wealthy absentee landowners. This would not only solve overpopulation but unemployment issues as well. The perfect social, political and economic solution.

"Satire is a literary technique of writing or art which exposes the follies of its subject (for example, individuals, organizations, or states) to ridicule, often as an intended means of provoking or preventing change". (

Who is Shakepeare?

Did Shakespeare write the plays? To be honest I don’t know. I like a good conspiracy as much as the nest person. It seems that all of the scholars in this field believe he did, since they probably know more than I do I will go with them and say yes. Not to say that it doesn’t make good rhetoric.

The people who believe he did not write the plays range from the very strange to the somewhat credible and believable. Two names that crop up quite often in the conspiracy theories are Sir Francis Bacon and Christopher Marlowe. The main reason for the doubters it seems, is that Shakespeare was not smart enough to write the plays. He was from “lowly means” and would not have had the political knowledge, French and Latin vocabulary and reference to Greek and Latin sources present in the writing. It is believed that a nobleman would have the education and experience to write about the controversial issues in Shakespeare’s themes but would be unable to publish them due to societal propriety. It was not proper to dabble in the entertainment business. It is also conspired that Queen Elizabeth herself wrote the plays but because she was a woman, a queen or because of the plays political statements could not come forward as the writer so she financed Shakespeare to be the face for her writings.

There are a group of scholars that use various anagrams and numerology to come up with proof of their chosen author. This reminds me of the Beatle’s Abbey Road album and the “Paul is dead” conspiracy theory, maybe it’s an English thing. I think we should consider that these plays were written by a direct descendent of the Jesus-Mary bloodline and call Dan Brown to write it for us. This brings us to my personal favorite, the group writing -secret society.

This theory is the most palatable for me. It states that it was a group that wrote the plays. They called themselves “The Wild Goose Club. They were made up of some pretty heavy hitters of the time, Ben Johnson, Walter Raleigh, Chris Marlowe, and Edmund Spenser. These guys would meet every week for dinner at a local restaurant. I see it as a combination book club – poker night. They would discuss the issues of the day and over their laughter, food and drink they developed a series of stories, which eventually became the plays. According to this version Shakespeare was their favorite waiter at the restaurant so his name was put at the top whether it was a joke that they thought would stay within those walls or an actual conspiracy to get their views public, this particular theory is the most appealing to me. Although I do not necessarily believe it, it has the great makings of a conspiracy theory.


On Marlowe

On Marlowe-

Two things strike me; one he was an atheist in a time when religious beliefs determined your well being, the second is the “back to nature” simplicity of his poem. I have heard this poem before but didn’t know the history or the author. It is a simple but great piece of poetry
evoking a sweet sense of hope and love, although it is said to be unrealistic it is what we all hold as our ideal fantasy of love. Marlowe’s piece is an example of the pastoral style dating back to the Hellenistic era. The name Philomena is used often in Greek poetry showing it’s influence on the poet. The pastoral genre is a romantic view of rural life written with sexual undertones and fantasy. This poem relates well to the songs and poems of the “free love” movement of the sixties.

Sir Walter Raleigh was at the very least a friend of Marlowe’s; he was an atheist as well but wrote in a somewhat more realistic tone. There is some mention of a homosexual relationship between the two. The mirrored love poems would tend to reinforce this, as well as the reference to Greek pastoral life which often referred to lovers as boys. But in Sir Walter Raleigh’s later writings he condemns the “sodomites” which would make you question why he would choose a homosexual for a friend. Whether or not Marlowe and Raleigh were romantically involved is not important. We know that male relationships were different than male friendships of today. It was common to speak of a male friendship in terms of love, today it would seem odd for male friends to speak on those terms. Sir Walter Raleigh takes Marlowe’s poem line for line and analyzes it to offer a much more “realistic” world where life moves from spring to winter and flowers fade and die. Although written in the same meter the feeling is a much darker view of the world. kildeoppgaver/kildeoppgave.html?id=4 - 15k – - 19k The_Passionate_Shepherd_to_His_Love - 13k

Module 5: Assignment 4

A Modest Proposal and Rape of the Lock are similar and very different at the same time. These two pieces are similar because they both criticize society and how ridiculous the upper class can act. They are also similar because they both describe suffering. The former describes the plight of Ireland’s people while the latter describes Belinda’s fury and suffering over losing a lock of her beautiful hair. The two pieces are different because A Modest Proposal delves into the problems of an entire nation whereas Rape of the Lock depicts a silly feud between two distinguished families. Another difference is that Swift writes in an essay format and Pope uses prose.

Module 5: Assignment 3

Define satire and demonstrate Swift’s use of it.

Literary satire is the use of irony and sarcasm to highlight common flaws. Swift uses satire in “The Lady’s Dressing Room” to show that on the outside some women, or people in general, look beautiful and you envy them. But if you get a glimpse into their real life, you see the beauty is a façade for a dark, ugly life. In this poem, Strephon sees the grotesque and disgusting life Celia actually lives. It is ironic that beautiful women are considered foul creatures by Strephon after seeing Celia’s room.

My take on the Response by Lady Montagu

Lady Montagu obviously did not like Swift. She refers to him as old and impotent. I think she wrote this poem to show that women are clean, beautiful, and must keep up certain appearances to be appealing to men. Because Swift was hurt by women at some point in his life, Lady Montagu believes it is easier for him to depict women as ugly, filthy creatures to make himself feel better.

What is the purpose of A Modest Proposal?

The purpose of A Modest Proposal is, on the surface, an idea to solve Ireland’s problems (too many people, not enough work or food). But really Swift presents an absolutely ridiculous ideas to eat one-year olds to highlight the ridiculousness of how England handles Ireland. Swift wanted to show that England’s policies placed Ireland in its current dire status.

John Donne

John Donne believed that English colonization of the United States should not emphasize financial gain but the conversion of the natives to the Anglican Church. This is the time we hear of the possible moral issues concerning the capital ventures and ownership of North American and Indian lands.

Changed opinion of Elizabeth?

Assignmet 3

The reading gives us the depth of knowledge that this 25 year old had. The movie is a theatrical and entertaining production. It shows her more as a sexual,flighty and somewhat out of control queen. Her speeches show her keen sense of the people and her intellectual side. She would be a brilliant politician even in todays world. If you were to only watch the movie I don't think you can get a true picture of the girl whose father had a habit of killing his wives including her mother, the true struggles of the sisters and the years spent in the tower of London. Her rule changed the face of England and can be seen in the monarchy today with Elizabeth ll.



Elizabeth was Mary’s half sister. She was the daughter of Henry Vlll and Ann Boleyn.
Mary was Catholic and Elizabeth was protestant. Both were equally in line for the throne at some point or another. The heir apparent during Henry Vlll ‘s reign seemed to change with his mood. Clearly he wanted a boy which he had in Edward 1 but Edward’s reign was cut short creating the struggle between Mary and Elizabeth. Mary’s hate for Elizabeth stems from the struggle for the monarchy and the struggle between Catholicism and Protestant.

Elizabeth restores Protestant services but maintains features of the Catholic Church in her appointment of Bishops and Archbishops. She was a brilliant negotiator.
In 1559 she issues the Act of Uniformity – uniting England under one religion,
Using the protestant “Common Book of Prayer” Elizabeth named herself “Supreme Governor of the Church of England”. The Act of Supremacy of 1559 made public officials take an oath acknowledging the sovereigns control over the church. This made enemies of the church enemy’s of the state and this was punishable by death.

Many people wanted to Marry Elizabeth, she had accumulated much wealth on her own as well as through her inheritance. All of that became the property of her husband as well as the power over England. She was way ahead of her time not wanting to relinquish her power and fortune. Mary’s husband Phillip ll was the first to show interest, he was refused, she then allowed Mary Queen of Scots nephew to come to court, it was more a political move than a serious proposal, she ultimately refused him as well. Elizabeth used her single status as a way to lure her enemies and a way to scare them into thinking she would form different alliances.

It was Robert Dudley that Elizabeth loved, but there was a scandal involving a previous marriage and mysterious death, that put him out of favor. In the film there is a plot against Elizabeth herself that is alluded to but I could not find any other writing of it. Although he betrays her, she doesn’t kill him (in the movie anyway) She says she wants him to live so she can remember how close she was to being destroyed by him.

The theatrical presentation of her transformation shows Elizabeth as a beautiful young woman transformed into an ice princess. Her hair is cut, powdered white. Her hairline makes her forehead seem unusually large. The addition of jewels to her hair; that is seen in all of her portraits, it appears like a halo around her head. Her stoic makeup gives a sense of power and seriousness, almost unearthly. Her skin is painted white to help reinforce virginity. Her clothing and neckline become stiff and conservative. She states in one of her most famous speeches that she is married to England.

Elizabeth is smart, educated and fluent in five languages. Although she takes council from men she makes her own decisions. The fact that she never married and was able to control England through very troubling times is amazing in itself. Elizabeth was able to create a prosperous England after the financial disasters of her half sister and brother. She created a strong army that was loyal to her. She took the gender card from a liability to force of power. She never relinquished her power to a man- this was the first time historically in an English monarchy. She was not just a figurehead, she made decisions based on her council.

Saturday, June 24, 2006

Module 5: Reading Assignment 4

The Rape of the Lock is about a woman, Belinda, who has a piece of her hair cut off at a social event by the Baron. She becomes furious and completely overreacts to the situation. Satire is used in this poem to mock society and to show where the priority of peoples concerns lay. The fact that Belinda lost a lock of hair is miniscule to issues like poverty and illness. This is much like A Modest Proposal because they both use satire to criticize society. Even though A Modest Proposal is cannabilistic and addresses a more serious issue, they both get their points accross.

Module 5: Reading Assignment 3

Satire can be defined as a literary technique that makes fun (through sarcasm and irony) of something that needs to be brought to attention, normally a social or economic issue. A Modest Proposal addresses the problem of the overpopulation of poor, starving, Catholic children in Ireland. Swift's proposal is to sell these kids as meat so everyone will prosper. He justifies this by saying that the families will get money and it will better the economy. This piece of work is obviously satirical because the thought of selling and eating children is unrealistic and would never actually happen. The Lady Wortley Montagu says that women have so much more to them than how they are portrayed. She explains how beauty is admired, not intelligence.

Module 5: Reading Assignment 2

In To The Fair Clarinda, the speaker is trying to say that he is overwhelmed with the Fair Clarinda's beauty. There are a lot of sexual references in this poem, for instance, "For sure no crime with thee we can commit; or if we should- thy form excuses it." The speaker is saying that the exploration of sexuality is perfectly normal. The degree of passion and sexuality that Aphra Behn writes about shows us that society was becoming more aware and accepting of it.

Thursday, June 22, 2006

Module 5- Assignment 3

Satire is defined as irony, sarcasm, or caustic wit used to attack or expose folly, vice, or stupidity. In "A Modest Proposal" the problem of overpopulation is the reason for the writing. The solution that Swift comes up with is for babies can be used for food at the age of one year old. This way poor mother's will get money for their babies and people will not go hungry. (Killing 2 birds with 1 stone). However, this is definately a sarcastic piece because he doesn't really expect us to sell babies, let alone eat them. But through this piece he expresses just how large of a problem they have on their hands. The Response that is given to this proposal relays the idea that women aren't given the credit they deserve. It also uses the same type of sarcastic tone that is used in the firs place, however it never really talks about how ridiculous of an idea that Swift has in the first place.

Module 5- Assignment 2

This writing is primarily about love and passion. The speaker talks openly about the love that he has found. It appears that he is so proud and happy with the love that he is in that he wansts everyone to know about it and be able to experience it for themselves too. Because of this sexuality comes into play. The speaker does not put a limit on one's sexuality but encourages everyone's own personal preferences so that they too may find the kind of happiness that they have found. It also talks about the struggle that people go through in relationship to create that happiness. But overall, this piece demonstrates how times were beginning to change and how things like sexuality were once taboo, were now becoming more socially recognized.

Module 4: reading assignment 6-Shakespeare

Sonnet 1- is about man’s selfishness and love for himself. Shakespeare clearly addresses that self love is unhealthy and that it needs to be shared with the whole world. He also mentions that it youth and beauty should be shared with the world by having a children. In this case I agree with his massage. Any kind of selfishness is bad. It is important for one to have children no matter the reason
Sonnet 12- this sonnet discuses similar ideas as seen in sonnet 1. It deals again with the idea of marriage and children as a way of immortality. The passage of time, nature, youth through life are themes, as well.
Sonnet 15- deals with the fact that life is shot-lived and ever-changing. It talks about how mans life will star to decay because of time. I think this sonnet is telling us to live our life every day like is our last.
Sonnet 18- in contrast to the other 3 sonnets this sonnet deals with immortality of youth’ beauty and not death. He implies that beauty will live forever and even outlive death. I enjoyed this poem more than the other 3, because beauty is immortalized and not something that ends.
Sonnet 20- this sonnet is not concerned in the defeat of time or with the young man’s fathering a child. Rather, the poet’s talks about a man who possesses feminine characteristics. Despite having a woman’s physical attractiveness, the young man does not have woman’s fickle and flirtatious character. This poems deals with a feminine man. It seems to me like he might be homosexual. I believe what Shakespear is trying to say is despite mans feminine qualities and attractions he is still a man and not a women.
Sonnet 29- frustration is a theme of this sonnet. Poet is wishing for other mans art and power. He is suffering because of separation from young man. I also sense jealousy because young man is with other man. I like this poem because it shows a human side of a poet. He is lonely and in pain, because of his love.
Sonnet 30- Poet discusses same theme as one in sonnet 29. He is remembering past and his dead friends. However he comes back to life and forgets everything when he sees his love. The message of this poem is quite true. I believe that love can quare everything and make people happy.
Sonnet 31- His separation from his lover makes him think of past ones. He is also letting go of all those dead lovers. It seems like he is moving on and letting go now that he is met his new love. I personally think that this is a good peace of advise. One can live in past only for so long.
Sonnet 33- This saddest one. Poet and his lover have become estranged, because of the poets absence. From the poets description I think that a young man was unfaithful to him. In any case, it is a saddest sonnet out of them all. It is hard to accept a fact that someone you are in love whit cheated on you.

Module 4-Shakespeare

Shakespeare's Sonnets

1.This sonnet focuses primarily on the characteristic of beauty. Shakespeare talks about the beaty within a person and how the only way it will truly last is for it to be past down to children so tha they may do the same. The purpose is for us to understand that we have a huge inpact on the way children turn out and to focus on showing them the qualities we want them to have in ourselves.

12.This sonnet talks about living life presently instead of waiting until later to do things in our lives. It talks about the seasons passing and time fading to show people how little time they really have.

15. This sonnet is closely related to sonnet 12, talking about living life to the fullest. It relates life to nature and the stars and again encourages people to stop wasting time.

18. This sonnet is dedicated to comparing a love to a summer's day. In the sonnet he fiinds fault with the things in nature but talks about the perfectness of his love. Also, because this love is being written down it will become unaged and live on forever. I like this sonnet because it alks about how beauty and love can be a permanent thing.

20. It discusses the feminine qualities of a man and how the narratore is attracted to these things. Brings up the subject of sexuality and its "grey" areas.

29. this sonnet begins with a pesimistic point of view, focusiing on the negatives of life. The narrator then changes his attitude after he thinks of his love and because of them, that his life has purpose. Shows us that everyone can find a positive in a negative situation

30. Starts by focusing on mistakes and negatives of the past. He feels depressed because of the regret he feels for the things that he has done and cannot change. However, a friend comes to his aid and gets his mind off of his regrets. This shows that we will only be miserable if we live in our past regrets but we must move on if we want to find a better life.

31. The narrator thinks about his past loves and all the good qualities they have had. But he also compares them to his new love, realizing that they are all he's looked for. The purpose is to be able to grieve your losses but to not let that overshadow the great things you have now.

33. This sonnet talks about how the brightness of his love has now been overshadowed by darkness. Shows that even though things start off positive that it may not last forever, especially in relationships.

Wednesday, June 21, 2006

Module 4- Who is Shakespeare

I believe Shakespeare did write all of the plays that he is credited for. Historians have studied all that they can about his life and his work. With a well-known birth date, death date, and personal details I find it hard to believe that anyone can doubt his existence. Some skeptics may make the argument that many of his works were published after they died. This however, is not a new concept. Many artists and writers become more known after their death than when they are alive. Even in today's society many music artists oftentimes have newly released songs on the radio after their death. Concerning writing- Edgar Allan Poe is just one example, and for Shakespeare to be another shouldn't seem so far fetched.
One reason that we can believe in Shakespeare's legitimacy is because his name is signed on early narrative poems that have also been recovered throughout time. Even though these poems have been adjusted throughout time for clarity and better understanding the name that remains on these poems has remained a constant all through this time of modifications.
Arguments are also brought up that Shakespeare would not have been educated enough to have the ability to write as well as he did and about such high political matters as he did. Yet, through his father and good friend, he had access to many books and would have been able to "help himself" to material on political matters, that he later wrote about.
Because of the evidence connecting Shakespeare as a person (with a wife and children) to evidence that we have of his writing, it is plain to see that Shakespeare is who we are taught he is. The connections in legal documents as well as in his writing are evident and display all the truth we need to know. Because of lack of technology at that time it is impossible for us to expect well-written histories of all authors and artists from the date in time that we are referring to. Because of this the information that we do have is so key and has to be taken for all it's worth.

Module 5: Assignment 2

The purpose of To the Fair Clarinda was to educate English society about a new age of sexuality. I think Behn's poem highlights that love and passion are wonderful things but does not throw these ideas into the readers face. I think the poem is meant to educate its audience with a quiet respect. The Restoration was still a time when marriage was arranged for status and not love. I think Behn's purpose was to show society that marriage can be for love and passion.

Module 4- Assignment 5

John Donne is very important because he reinstates the focus of colonization in the first place. He points out that greed has taken over as the primary motive for colonization when it should be the work of God and to spread their religious beliefs to others around the world. He also is important because he stood up for what he believed and went straight to the source, by making his speech to the Virginia Company.

Module 4- Assignment 4

The Passionate Shepherd to His Love and The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd are both significant pieces of their time. They both are written in pastoral lyrical form. However, the first focuses primarily on instant gratification and young love. The response is key because it brings the reader back to the reality of it all. The response brings up consequences of today's actions and that youth and carefree living cannot last forever.
I think both are key pieces because they show very different views concerning the same topic.

Module 4- Assignment 3

I haven't changed my mind about Elizabeth. The reading simply enforced the fact that she was a powerful ruler and highly admired by her people. She prevailed even though many had their doubts because of her gender. Because of the sacrifices as a person that she made, she was able to become a great leader for her people, and a great role model for women of all generations.

Module 4- The Age of Elizabeth

1. Mary hated Eliabeth mostly because of their religious differenences. Mary was Catholic, and Elizabeth was a Protestant. Also, even though the shared the same father (Henry VIII) Elizabeth was a bastard child from him and Ann Boleyn.
2. She wanted the Anglican church to unify her people together. Elizabeth would therefore be the head of the church.
3.The King of Spain wanted to marry her for political reasons, to form an alliance between England and Spain. The Duke of Anjour also wanted to marry her for political reasons, to form an allicance between England and Scotland. And Lord Robert Dudley wanted to marry her for love.
4. Sir Robert Dudley was her lover, but she does not kill him even after he commits treason. She does this so that he will serve as a reminder of her of how close she came to danger.
5. Her transformation took place phsycially and emotionally. Physically, she cut off her hair and used make-up to paint her skin white. Emotionally, she vows to be married only to England. Because of these things she is able to avoid distractions from her vital role as England's Queen. Also, this means that her rule will not continue through any of her own children.
6. I believe this is true, because she was able to unify her people through religion. Also, by transforming herself she was able to shift her focus primarily on the best interest of her country.
7. She changes this definition because oftentimes women in power are accompanied by male influences, whether it be int he form of an advisor or husband. However, she learned to trust in her own intuition and became a powerful leader by relying on herself more than others.

Tuesday, June 20, 2006

Module 4: Who is Shakespeare?

I believe that Shakespeare is Shakespeare. He was born in April, 1564 in place called Stratford-upon-Avon. His father John Shakespeare was a glover, trader, and landowner. Shakespeare was married to Ann Hathaway in November, 1582. They had three children, 2 daughters and a son. Lather in his life Shakespeare joined a troupe of players and moved to London. He became a member of London's leading theater company, the Lord Chamberlain's Company, he wrote plays and became a sharer of the Globe theater. In 1956 he bought and restored New Place, the second-largest house in Stratford (Reedy and Kathman parg.1-2). Beside all this evidence there is also “the narrative poem Venus and Adonis was published by Stratford native Richard Field, with a dedication to the Earl of Southampton signed "William Shakespeare"(Reedy and Kathman parg.4). Beside this evidence there is a lot more that proves Shakespeare’s existence and authorship of his work. I personally do not see how can some one say that he did not exits or wrote his work for that matter. What more evidence do they want. People need to realize that back than they did not have computers to save data. We are lucky to have any kind of documents considering the time and technology back than.
Work cited
Reedy, Tom and Kathman, David. “How We Know That Shakespeare Wrote Shakespeare: The Historical Facts”. 19 Jun, 2006 <>.

Module 4 - Reading Assignment 6

Sonnet 1 – discusses the idea that beauty is in the inside and people cover it up. The only way to preserve beauty is to have children and pass it on otherwise the beauty will dwindle with time. I think this is a good message for more than just looks, but for every characteristic. It is imporatant to pass on qualities to children.
Sonnet 12 – discusses a similar idea to that of Sonnet 1, in which time holds no bar to anyone. It shows time passing by seasons changing and flowers dying. I think that it does make good imagery of time passing, but emphasizes the bad things about passing time over the good.
Sonnet 15 – discusses the idea that everyone and everything has a peak moment of perfection. Once man reaches this peak, they begin to descend because of time. It says that everything is powered by the stars and the sky. I think it offers the old, but good, message of live life ot the fullest.
Sonnet 18 – discusses the opposite of the previous sonnets. The poem attempts to compare someone’s beauty to a summer’s day but cannot because there is imperfection in every aspect of the day, from the sun to the buds. The beauty of the subject will live on forever and surpass death because they are immortalized in this sonnet. I like this poem a lot better than the others because it is more of an optomistic outlook on life.
Sonnet 20 – discusses the qualities of a man who has feminine qualities that the narrator desires. Many think that this sonnet is the defining sonnet to discuss Shakespeare’s homosexuality. I think that this poem is quite gender confusing but a nice way to announce that the subject is of the narrator’s ideal.
Sonnet 29 – discusses the sorrows of a man that wishes he was like men more fortunate than he. His only way of being happy is to think of his love and all of his woes disappear and he sings to Heaven. I like the love attitudes in this sonnet because it shows the passion that one has towards another.
Sonnet 30 – discusses similar thoughts of Sonnet 29. The narrator is down about how he feels and cries over many things, past and present. When he thinks of his love, his sorrows go away and his losses are restored. I think this is very true in that sometimes when you cry about something, you think about mayn other things and cannot stop crying. It takes that one special thing to take your mind off of your sadness.
Sonnet 31 – discusses the past loves of the narrator. His past loves have all died and he thought they were gone until he met his new love, who encompases all of their qualities. He is grieving for the past loves until he met his new love. I think it is a good piece of advice in which it is okay to grieve but wa all must move on from love.
Sonnet 33 – discusses a beautiful world where the sun beams on the land below, but then is covered by dark clouds. It compares this act to his own morning of a beautiful start then covered with sadness. The love though perseveres through the darkness and shines above the rest. It has a good moral and is a picker-upper for when your down.

Module 5 Assignment 4

"A Modest Proposal" is disturbing to a person of strong values. Although it is not a true story, the concept is hard to deal with. It is degrading to women and categorizes them as evil. It totally undermines the nurturing nature of women and the barbarianism of men of that time period, while using role reversal to denote women as survivors at any cost. This makes women out to be vultures. It gives them the qualities of animals that eat their offspring.
"The Rape of the Lock" portrays women as being stupid and shallow. This woman gets crazy over a lock of hair being cut off. She treats it as a possession and although it will grow back and is of literally no value, it was hers and she is territorial of it. It makes little sense as it does grow back and it is not like losing an arm or a leg.
The similarities of the two are that they both are degrading to women and look down on them. They both deal with women's emotions and the rollercoaster they can be, in regards to extremes.
Although similar in contest, they differ in the presentation showing in "A Modest Proposal" a savage uncaring beast and in "Rape of the Lock" an emotional conceited bitch. As one woman gives up something for survival, the other can't stand to lose what is hers. These are opposites, yet both show similar emotion.

Module 5 Assignment 3

Satire is irony, sarcasm and wit. "A Modern Proposal" tells of a poor woman selling one of her babies to solve the overpopulation problem in Ireland. This is definite satire, as ironically, we see that there is a population problem; dry wit because this is so preposterous it has to be funny; and sarcastic, as it could not be viewed any other way.
Assuming children of a poor woman would starve to death on the streets, being sold would be a win/win situation. The poor woman would get money for the child, and this would alleviate the over population problem, and no one loses, but of course, the child who gets eaten. This is sarcastic because, "Who sells their children?" and "Who EATS children?". His jokes that children are in season after age one. The response by Lady Mary Wortley Montague suggests that women do not get the credibility they deserve. It also mimics the authors writing style in a sarcastic and satirical manner but never really rebutted him.

Module 5 Assignment 2

"To a Fair Clarinda" is about desire and passion. The speaker is truly in love with Clarinda and brags the fact for everyone to hear. Being truly happy and in love is a personal struggle for every individual as it is hard work to be in love and stay in love. Because of the changing times where there is a change in sexuality, or at least the way they look at it, it was an easy phase of development in all aspects, with such ideas being addressed as the evolution of same sex relationships. The speaker sees his love as innocent, but it is possibly not so innocent. This writing, "To a Fair Clarinda" is actually an awareness of the sexual revolution.

Module 4: Shakespeare's Sonnets

Shakespeare’s Sonnets

1. This sonnet speaks about how beauty is always around. Shakespeare talks about how beautiful it is when sons can carry on their father’s memory. He tells his audience not to be gluttonous but to share yourself with others. Give yourself to the earth and provide the earth with heirs so that beauty may continue. The purpose is to convince a noble to bear children.

12. This sonnet warns that if you wait too long to marry, have children, or live life in general, then chances may pass. It will be too late to accomplish these things. The purpose is to tell people not to let the beauty of life fade.

15. This sonnet relates life to nature that it is ruled by the stars. He also talks about how life is a stage and that people should be active participants. The purpose of this sonnet is to live life because it is too short.

18. This sonnet expresses how love and beauty are experienced together. This relationship will not falter even when a summer’s day is over and done with. Shakespeare’s purpose is to show that beauty and love are everlasting.

20. Man is the narrator’s love. He or she (narrator) is attracted to the man’s feminine qualities as well. The narrator is attracted to both man and woman. This delves into sexuality and how it was confusing even in Shakespeare’s time.

29. The narrator is crying because he is alone in the beginning of the poem. He feels his prayers have gone unanswered. Then he realizes that it is not so bad because love still lingers in him and that makes everything better. The purpose is to show that not all is lost even in your darkest moment.

30. The narrator reflects on the past and all the wrongdoings he has done. He feels he is in debt not with money but in his need to make up for his past. He let love go but the help of a friend ends his sorrow. The purpose is to show the damage that can be done living in the past.

31. The lover of the narrator embodies all the amazing qualities all of her narrator’s past lovers had put together. Narrator is astonished at how much this lover actually possesses. The purpose is to rejoice in what you have.

33. The narrator sees faults in his lover. He feels doubt about how perfect she really is. He says that her “wonderfulness” has been “drummed by the sun going away.” The purpose of this sonnet warns readers that do not be too enamored with love because it can fade once you really know a person.

Who is Shakespeare?

I believe that Shakespeare was a real man. I feel that the extent one must go through to completely make up a man's history is enormous. William Shakespeare has a birthdate, deathdate, schooling records, parents, family, and noted accomplishments. For someone to completely falsify all of this information, would be extremely hard during this time period. As for his works, I feel that he did complete all of his own writings. As any author, you are swayed by what you read, hear, and see. Many authors write about fictious events and don't succeed. Shakespeare was one of the lucky ones whose works took England by storm. I feel that there are many people whose identities could be questioned because of their abilities. There are many prodigies and geniuses in this world, and I think that they do not need an excuse to be who they are.

Module 4 - Reading Assignment 5

John Donne was an important man because he valued colonization through the eyes of the church. He followed the Bible's teachings in that colonization should be done for the reason of saving souls. He wrote about this and faced the Virginia Company because they wanted to Colonize America for monetary purposes.

Module 4- Assignment 1

Module 4 - Reading Assignment 4

The Passionate Shephard to His Love and The Nymph's Reply to the Shephard are both significant pieces of literature because they are both pastoral pieces of literature that show two viewpoints. Christopher Marlow's piece ignores the realities of the complexity of life, which is the defining characteristic of pastoral literature. Sir Walter Raleigh's piece shows the opposite of love, in that more of a reality based world. Readers can view both sides of rushing into love with these two poems.

Module 4- Sir Thomas More

Utopia is so revolutionary because it was so unlike the the norm. This idea challenged authority, and went against the King himself. It was a new idea, and fully exposed the current problems of society.

Module 4: Shakespeare's Sonnets

Shakespeare’s Sonnets

1. This sonnet speaks about how beauty is always around. Shakespeare talks about how beautiful it is when sons can carry on their father’s memory. He tells his audience not to be gluttonous but to share yourself with others. Give yourself to the earth and provide the earth with heirs so that beauty may continue. The purpose is to convince a noble to bear children.

12. This sonnet warns that if you wait too long to marry, have children, or live life in general, then chances may pass. It will be too late to accomplish these things. The purpose is to tell people not to let the beauty of life fade.

15. This sonnet relates life to nature that it is ruled by the stars. He also talks about how life is a stage and that people should be active participants. The purpose of this sonnet is to live life because it is too short.

18. This sonnet expresses how love and beauty are experienced together. This relationship will not falter even when a summer’s day is over and done with. Shakespeare’s purpose is to show that beauty and love are everlasting.

20. Man is the narrator’s love. He or she (narrator) is attracted to the man’s feminine qualities as well. The narrator is attracted to both man and woman. This delves into sexuality and how it was confusing even in Shakespeare’s time.

29. The narrator is crying because he is alone in the beginning of the poem. He feels his prayers have gone unanswered. Then he realizes that it is not so bad because love still lingers in him and that makes everything better. The purpose is to show that not all is lost even in your darkest moment.

30. The narrator reflects on the past and all the wrongdoings he has done. He feels he is in debt not with money but in his need to make up for his past. He let love go but the help of a friend ends his sorrow. The purpose is to show the damage that can be done living in the past.

31. The lover of the narrator embodies all the amazing qualities all of her narrator’s past lovers had put together. Narrator is astonished at how much this lover actually possesses. The purpose is to rejoice in what you have.

33. The narrator sees faults in his lover. He feels doubt about how perfect she really is. He says that her “wonderfulness” has been “drummed by the sun going away.” The purpose of this sonnet warns readers that do not be too enamored with love because it can fade once you really know a person.

Monday, June 19, 2006

Module 4 - Reading Assignment 3

I have not changed my opinion about Elizabeth. I still think that she was a strong minded woman who fought for what she believed in. She did a lot for England and sacraficed a lot of herself for the country. She prevailed as a woman when women were not viewed highly. She may have sentenced people to death, but everything was justified as it made England a wealthier and more powerful country.

The Age of Elizabeth

1. Mary hated Elizabeth because she was Protestant. Mary was Catholic and afraid that is Elizabeth took over the throne, she would convert England to Protestant. Elizabeth was Mary's half sister and born an illegitimate child.
2. The Angelican Church was the Church of England. Elizabeth was the ruler at that time and made the church what it was, although the church overpowered Elizabeth. Elizabeth was at the mercy of the Pope and the rest of the church.
3. Many people wanted to marry Elizabeth. First the King of Spain wanted her hand as a guarentee to the throne and to ease any tension between the two countries. Second, the Duke of Anjour wanted ot marry her because it would stop the wars between England and Scotland. Third, Lord Robert Dudly wanted her hand because he truely loved her.
4. Lord Robert Dudly was Elizabeth's lover. She finds out that he is married and betrayed her. She keeps him alive as a reminder of the danger she was in.
5. Elizabeth transforms herself to the Virgin Queen by quitting men. She paints her face white and cuts off all her hair and declares that she is married to England. With this act, she gains power and rspect from the people because she devotes herself to the country and not to men.
6. Elizabeth was one of the best English monarchs because she devoted herself to England. When she became the Virgin Queen, she strived for England to be the dominant power. It ended up becoming one of the richest, most powerful countries ever. It has a stable church and goverment.
7. Elizabeth changed the definition of women in power because she proved that she did not need a man to help her rule. Once she became married to England, she did everything that an honorable King would do, but she was a woman. She tossed men aside and fought for what she believed in and made England a better country.

Module 4 - Reading Assignment 2

Sir Thomas More - Utopia

Utopia is revolutionary because it was an ideal that society could strive for. This was a new concept to everyone of the time and was very controversial because it went towards what people knew. A Utopian society was that of perfect harmony, completely different then what the society was experiencing at the time. More's views went against the king and was sent to death beause of them.

Module 5 Assignment 4

To me “A Modest Proposal” is morally disturbing. It is also very disgusting. It is not a true story of what a person actually did but the concept is nerving. This story tries to show that women are not nice people. They will do anything to keep themselves alive and they don’t care about the welfare of others. They would even let their own children die for them as long as they were not hurt in the process. In “The Rape of the Lock” women are portrayed as stupid. The women became furious after the fact that she saw that a lock of her hair had been cut off. Yes, women usually do get made about that, but they don’t go on rants about it. The stories are similar is showing that women got through many extreme emotions, often at the snap of a finger. The are different by the women in “A Modest Proposal” will do things so them and only them will prosper. They don’t care about anyone else. Just themselves. In “The Rape of the Lock” women are just the opposite. If they lost something that was theirs, they would have a fit and they would practically die.

Module 5 Assignment 3

A satire is a literary work containing wit, irony and sarcasm. In “A Modest Proposal” John Swift writes that a poor women who needed money could sell on of her babies to a rich person for food. Says this so it would solve the problem of overpopulation. These children would not have to starve to death by being on the streets. They could have a good home and food. He wants to help the poor people in Ireland. He really doesn’t want the children to be eaten but he jokes about how the children are in season at the age of 1 year old. The response from Lady Mary Wortley Montagu suggests that women do not get the credit that they deserve. She says that people think of women only as a pretty face and nothing else. She also makes fun of Swift by trying to mimic his writing style.

Module 5 Assignment 2

“To The Fair Clarinda” is about passion, desire and love. The speaker is truly in love with a women and he wants everyone to know about it. It is also about a person’s personal struggle to be happy. Society was changing during this time. People were becoming more comfortable with their sexuality. The speaker and his love were looked at not as a normal pair. They thought they were though and it didn’t matter to them. A pair didn’t have to be a man and a woman. It could be a man and a man, woman and a woman, or a man and a woman. Whatever you were happy with if ok for you.To the Fair Clarinda" is about love and passion. The speaker is very much in love with a woman and wants their love to be known. I think that their love may be a crime, but in the speaker's point of view they're innocent. "To The Fair Clarinda" is about love and desire. It is about the struggle of what makes people happy. It expresses that society was changing. People were becoming more open, sexually and socially. I don't think it was only about men and women, I think it was about all mixtures. Men with women, women with women, I think it was about becoming a free for all society.

Who Is Shakespeare?

I think Shakespeare was the author of all his plays and sonnets. The arguments against his authorship are too weak for me to think otherwise. For example, those against his authorship believe someone coming from a rural community such as Stratford could never have the vocabulary that Shakespeare had. Even though he came from a small town, Shakespeare was well-educated because of the government posts his father held. Another argument is that nothing of his was published before his death. Shakespeare co-wrote several works while working as an actor in London and these were published with his name. The following sites helped me write my essay for Quiz 4. Hopefully they can help some of you. Some of the websites are repeated, the first one I liked the best from a fellow classmate!

Module 4: Reading Assignment 4

Christopher Marlowe

The Passionate Shepherd to His Love and The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd are significant because they are perfect examples of pastoral poetry. Pastoral poetry emphasizes simplicity, nature, shepherd, and boundless or erotic love. Because of the passion seen in Christopher Marlowe's The Passionate Shepherd to His Love, Sir Walter Raleigh penned The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd to show the logical thinking of the nymph. She is wary to be swept off her feet by the shepherd. Marlowe's poem is also significant because it exemplifies heterosexual courtship and love. There is debate as to Marlowe's own sexual orientation.

Module 4: Reading Assignment 5

John Donne

John Donne was important because he refused to accept the way in which colonization of America was run. The goal of colonization, according to the Virginia Company, was to make a profit. Donne believed this was wrong. He wrote about how Jesus encouraged colonization in the Bible to the Apostles for the sake of saving souls. Donne believed that colonization should reflect Anglican values. He thought the good Christian people in England would be in a uproar knowing money was more important to the Virginia Company than the souls of men.

Module 4: Reading Assignment 3


No, I have not changed my mind about Elizabeth. The readings solidified her greatness. I thought she started her reign as a weak monarch but she rebounded to become one of the strongest English monarchs in history, which is quite the feat considering she is a woman! Elizabeth was highly intelligent, compassionate, and just. She signed her cousin's death warrant when she felt she had no other choice. For the sake of her country and her own life, Elizabeth signed the death warrant. This shows Elizabeth was logical during times of great stress.

Moduel 5: Reading Assingment 3

Satire is when sarcasm is used to attack stupidity, when a human vice is attacked through irony, derision, or whit. Swift uses satire in A Modest Proposal. He tries to solve the problem of overpopulation of the poor in Ireland by suggesting they eat the children. He suggest that once a child reaches 1 year old they should be sold for food. This is satire on the poor people of Ireland that keep having children. He obviously does not them to be eaten but he feels something should be done to help them. The whole purpose of A Modern Proposal is to help the poor people of Ireland. He wants some changes to be made about the way they are treated. He does not want women and children to have to beg for food and money.
The response by Lady Mary Wortley Montaqu does not really answer Swift. The poem seems to suggest that women poets do not the credit they deserve. They are only seen as a pretty face but she were a man she would have a successful career without question.

Sunday, June 18, 2006

Module 4 Reading Assignment 3

After reading this section, I have not changed my opinion on Elizabeth. She was a very courageous women who turned England around. She was a great example to women of power. She seemed to really care about her subjects and did what was good for them. The only was that I was disappointed that she never got married. Not because I think she needed a man to help her run England, but because if she would've had a child to take over the throne she could have taught them her ways of ruling and England would have continued to prosper as it did when Elizabeth was queen.

Module 4 Assignment 6

Sonnet 1
Addressed to a young male friend, presumably a sensitive educated male aristocrat of leisure. I encourage you to procreate and thereby perpetuate your beauty. He is basically saying that someday your life will end, but you should perserve you family line and have children.
Sonnet 12
Time destroys beauty and only having children can defy Time. The memory of the youth and beauty lives on.
Sonnet 15
I will keep you alive through my poetry. He is saying that instead of having children he can keep people live and is name be taken through time by writing about his or even just writing his name in a play.
Sonnet 18
Shall I compare you to a beautiful day? No, such things are too changeable. You will be eternally beautiful, preserved in this poem, as long as men can read. He says that even after death, memories live on.
Sonnet 20
You, to a man, have a woman's features and beauty but not woman's falseness, and are both master and mistress of my passion. Since you are a man, be my love but use women for sex.
Sonnet 29
When I am in despair, I think about you and am uplifted. He is sad and just has memories to comfort him.
Sonnet 30
When I think about past losses I can weep, but thinking about you restores all my losses.
Sonnet 31
Death can take away the things that you love dearly.
Sonnet 33
He has been hurt by his friend. His friend has left him feeling unwanted and worthless. He is however ready to forgive his friend.

Module 4 Assignment 5

John Donne is important because he was totally against building a colony that focused on wealth. He wanted to colony to focus on faith of the Anglican Church. He began to use his writing skills to show Jesus and His Apostles to show his views on the colony. With this unique view of showing his side, he was able to attract many people to his views.

Module 4 Assignment 4

The Passionate Shepard to His Love is a story about falling in love very fast. When you fall in love fast you give a person all of your heart and also many fabulous things. These fabulous things are supposed to show how much you love them.
The Nymph's Reply to the Shepard is a story that tells you to not rush into love. You are suppose to take is slowly and make sure it is real. Also all these fabulous gifts will soon fade away and only love will remain. The nymph says that if time would slow down they could love together and be in love.

Module 4 Assignment 3

Before I thought that Elizabeth was a strong women. I always thought of her a very smart. After I watched the movie my opinion of her was right. She was a very smary and strong woman. She was able to achieve everything that she wanted to against all the odds that were against her. She made it to the top. She was able to make it there in a man's world even though she was a woman. She helped change the way people looked at women. She helped England prosper. She was truely a remarkable person.

Who is Shakespeare?

William Shakespeare was indeed a real person. Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford, England. He was born too John and Mary Shakespeare. At the age of 15 is dropped out os school and begin to work with his father who was a merchant. When he was 18 he meet a women, got her pregnant and married her. Her name was Anne Hathaway. William Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616. It is a little sketchy if he really wrote his plays or not. Many were not published until after his death. Many people believe that someone else wrote them and then just put his name on it. There is not work that is actually in his handwriting. People have thought for a long time that Sir Frances Bacon actually wrote these plays. The most recent person that has been labeled and the "Shakespearian" writer is Christopher Marlowe. Some people even claim that "Shakespeare" is an assumed name for a whole group of poets and playwrights. However, some men around Shakespeare, Meres and Jonson, did recognize that he was a writer. It icertainan that he truly was a real person. Thsketchyhy part is did he really write is plays or did someone else write them and just put his name on it.

Elizabeth Video


1. Why did Mary hate Elizabeth?
Mary called Elizabeth a bastard because Mary considered her to be born by the whore Ann Boleyn. Elizabeth was also a Protestant like their father, Henry VIII. This made Elizabeth a heretic in Mary’s Catholic eyes.

2. What was the role of the Anglican Church in Elizabeth’s reign? What is the significance of Elizabeth’s position?
Elizabeth saw the Anglican Church as the one Church that would be able to unify her people. When she confronted the bishops in the movie, she asked for their allegiance on behalf of her people, not for herself. Elizabeth would become the head of the church.

3. Who wanted to marry Elizabeth and why?
A couple of men wanted to marry Elizabeth. The first was the King of Spain to make an alliance and ease any tensions between the two countries. The Ambassador of Spain told Elizabeth that marriage to the King would only be an alliance and that he would stay in Spain.

The second man was a duke. He is the nephew of Mary of Guise. The marriage to a French duke would also end the conflict between France and England.

4. Who was Elizabeth’s lover? Does she kill him/Why or why not?
Sir Robert Dudley. No, she does not kill him. She chose to keep him alive to remind her always of how closely she came to danger.

5. Discuss her transformation into the Virgin Queen. Why is this significant?
Elizabeth’s reign was in jeopardy because she kept putting her trust into dishonorable men. She decided enough was enough. Elizabeth vowed to be married to England and never to any man. She cuts off her hair and applies white make-up to her face, neck and hands. She wears a “halo” collar around her neck. Elizabeth looks like the stone statue of the Virgin Mary. Elizabeth wants to be like Mary because people followed and listened to Mary. During her transformation, Elizabeth leaves her rocky past behind her and becomes a strong monarch.

6. It is said that Elizabeth I was one of the best English monarch; based on this movie, why do you think this is true?
At first, Elizabeth was a weak monarch but transformed herself as discussed in question 5. I think once she trusted her own decisions and followed her own conscience, she became a strong monarch. She refused to be swayed by others and rid herself of harmful advisors, ambassadors, and lover.

7. How does her role change the definition of women in power?
She refused to be controlled by men and was determined she would not need a man to be successful. Elizabeth changed the definition of women in power because she took control of her own destiny and that of her people.

Saturday, June 17, 2006

Module 5: Reading Assignment 4

The Modest Proposel is quite disturbing, disgusting, and just wrong. I know it's not a real story but it's just gross to read. The women in this story are not very nice people. All they care about is making money for their own survival. They would allow their children to die for their own safety. The Rape of the Lock makes women look stupid. Belinda got so mad just because a single lock of hair was cut off. These stories are similar because they show the extremes women go to. However their different because in The Modest Proposel the women are willing to give up something for their survival, but for The Rape of the Lock, the women would die if they lost something that belonged to them.


Although the Nun's Priest Tale is written in a comedic fashion, it is one of the more adult themes in the tales. What specific characteristics of these fowl do we find so humanlike?

Module 4 : Reading Assignment 6 - Shakespeare

Sonnet 1
Tells that although youth is beautiful, if we have heir to continue the life cycle. Even though in old age life ends, it reall never ends. This means that it is important to preserve family.

Sonnet 12
This is a negative sonnet which relates something that is beautiflu while fresh and new to that which ages, becoming old, tattered and finally dead .Although this is saddeninjg, the memory of the youth and beauty lives on.

Sonnet 15
This sonnet tells how the stars decifer our gate. That the world is but a stage and the people in it are just actors following a script.

Sonnet 18
It tells of a fair creature who he compares to summer, a season of rebirth and recreation. He speaks of her beauty. He says that even after ageing and finally death, memories live on. Also, this sonnet tells of the praise of beauty of the beloved.

Sonnet 20
He begins by sayinjg woman are beautiful and were created to be admired by men. Then he talks about a man being created for men to admire, but for women first. Does he have homosexual tendencies, one mus ask?

Sonnet 29
He is insecure and troubled as an outcase, cursed and self pitying. He has memories but is feeling sorry for himself.

Sonnet 30
I feel this sonnet speaks of a friend (possibly his lover), wasting time and troubles of his past while he should be thinking more pleasant thoughts to end his sorrow. The focus is on mortality.

Sonnet 31
Death steals love from us and his lovers (being dead) have taken everything away from him. Again a focus on mortality is present.

Sonnet 33
This sonnet tells how he has been deeply gurt by his young friend (male lover). The friend has left him feeling isolated and unwanted. It ends on a positive note however as he is ready to forgive his friend.

Module 5: Reading Assignment 2

"To the Fair Clarinda" is about love and passion. The speaker is very much in love with a woman and wants their love to be known. I think that their love may be a crime, but in the speaker's point of view they're innocent.

Module 4: Reading Assignment 1

Module 4: Sir Thomas More

5 Utopia Websites

"Utopia" is revolutionary because it challenged typical society ruled by monarchies. More was a prestigous man in government and literature. He was willing to risk all he had to publish "Utopia" to show the problems present in society.

Elizabeth Video

1. Why did Mary hate Elizabeth?
Mary hated Elizabeth because Elizabeth was protestant and Mary was Catholic. Also, Elizabeth was the daughter of Mary's father, Henry VIII, and Anberline. She was a illegitimate child.

2. What was the role of the Anglican church in Elizabeth's reign? What is the significance of Elizabeth's position? The Anglican church during Elizabeth's reign was the official church of England. It was the unified church of the Protestants and the Catholics. Elizabeth was the ruler of both church and of state.

3. Who wanted to marry Elizabeth and why? The King of Spain wanted to marry Elizabeth in order to ensure England as an ally. The Duke of Anjour also wanted to marry Elizabeth to ensure England as an ally of Scotland. Lord Robert Dudley wanted to marry Elizabeth because he loved her.

4. Who was Elizabeth's lover? Does she kill him? Why or why not? Lord Robert Dudley was Elizabeth's lover. She does not kill him when he commits treason because she wants to be reminded of how close she came to danger.

5. Discuss her transformation into the Virgin Queen. Why is this significant? She cuts her hair short and paints her skin white. She announces that she is married to England. This is significant because there would not be an heir to continue her rule.

6. It si said that Elizabeth I was one of the best English monarchs. Based on this movie, why do you think this is true? I believe this is true because she unified the religions in England and let people know that she was not fooling around in doing so. Also, she did not take anyone's hand in marriage just to save herself.

7. How does her role change the definition of women in power? Her role changes this because she proves that she does not need a man to make decisions on what is best for her country. She went against what everyone else thought was right and became a strong leader by herself.

Friday, June 16, 2006

Module 4: reading assignment 3

I did not know much about Elizabeth before. However, from the things that I did hear I always thought of her as very cold and cruel. After reading about her and watching a movie, I have definitely changed my opinion. She was a very smart and strong women. She was able to prevail against all the odds, and get on top. The one thing that I especially like about her was her ability to get herself on top in a world ruled by man. She showed everybody that the world is much better when ruled by a women. They did not call her period Gold Age for nothing.

Module 4: reading assignment 5

John Donne is important because he was against building of colony that focused on wealth. He was proposing and encouraging a colony that would focus on the true faith of the Anglican Church. He used his writing talent and cleverness by having Jesus and His Apostles as a examples to demonstrate his argument. Whit this he was able to attract even papacy , and probably more people.

Module 4: reading assignment 4

The Passionate Shepherd to His Love and The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd are significant, because they promote pastoral kind of poem. This refers to a literary work dealing with shepherds and rustic life. Christopher Marlow poem became very popular during late Renaissance period. It is because of him, that later Sir Walter Raleigh wrote The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd.

Module 4: reading assignment 1

Module 4: Sir Thomas More

They are couple of reasons why Utopia was so revolutionary. With his book More showed people that they are other places in the world beside theirs. He also was describing place where the government, military, and church were in perfect harmony working for the common good of people. This was especially important since their government at that time was abusing power, and More with his book suggested necessary reform. The Utopia is also revolutionary in a sens that it described our own government today. It is like More was looking in to a future when he wrote his book.

Module 4 : Who is Shakespeare?

At first I thought you meant to prove William Shakespeare existed, but I know that is not the case, as his birth, life and death are documented. There is much controversy over whether or not he actually wrote that which is documented to be penned by William Shakespeare. I believe it to be true, however, every great writer gets his material or ideas somewhere, and I wouldn't think it unreasonable for him to have stolen ideas. I also think he wrote his own material, as on occasion a friend had them published. If he did not really write it, why would others get involved. Also, his style is very consistent which would cause us to believe that yes Shakespeare did write all of his works.


Module 4 : Reading Assignment 5 - John Donne

John Donne is important becuase he believes that Jesus Christ wants his people to build the colonies based on the faith of the Anglican Church and spreading the good news, not on wealth. He goes to Virginia Colonists with this message and that the amount of money you have is not as important as how many Christians you have converted.

Module 4 : Reading Assignment 4 - Christopher Marlowe

The theme - instant gratification of sexual passions or fast passionate love. The Nymph is slow to love and cautious while the shepherd is impulsive and starry eyed.

This is an example of a pasoral poem. The Speaker talks about paradise in his surroundings and places them in this "Eden". He tries to convince the Nymph that fast love is good. She is cautious and believes differently.


Module 4 : Reading Assignment 3 - Elizabeth

No, I have not changed my mind about Elizabeth. Being a Catholic I can relate to Mary, but seeing and reading Elizabeth's Reign, she was an incredible woman. Ruling must have been inborn for both Mary and Elizabeth. They were both strong determined women. Just having knowledge of how the politics and the church worked was an incredible fete, however, to learn to coexist with it and still rule in a manner you wish was truly the incredible part.

Module 4: The Age of Elizabeth

1 - Mary and Elizabeth are 1/2 sisters. Elizabeth was a bastard child born to their father King Henry VIII and Anne Bodeyn. Mary thought, because Elizabeth had strong Protestant faith and Mary was a stonch Catholic, that if Elizabeth took over she would turn England Protestant.

2 - The church made it difficult for elizabeth becuase to some extent they were as powerful as she. They didn't like that she believed people should believe in only 1 God and have only 1 prayer book. They refused change therefore undermined her throughout her reign. Elizabeth is ruler however the church makes decisions that ultimately affect her, as well. This is showed especially through the act of the Pope even sending priests to harm Elizabeth.

3 - The Spanish Ambassador wanted to marry her to secure the throne. The Duke of Anjou, nephew of Mary of Guise wanted to in order to stop the war and Lord Robert Dudley wanted her hand becuase he really loved her but however he was already married.

4 - Lord Robert Dudley is her lover throughout, however, he is the lover of many. When she finds that he lied and ultimately betrayed her, instead of killing him she allows him to live so that he will be a reminder to her of the danger he put her in.

5 - Elizabeth cuts her hair, dresses in finery, paints herself white and announces that she is married to England.

6 - The reign of Elizabeth sees England gain welath, prosperity and power due to her decision making.

7 - Elizabeth shows that women can have strength of character in an unliberated society, a great fete when women of this time are basice slaves.

Module 4 : Reading Assignment 2

Module 4 : Sir Thomas More

"Utopia", per Sir Thomas More was revolutionary because it showed people in Europe and the rest of the world, that there was a whole world outside of their realm. It opened their eyes. At this time, people believed that what they know in their own little world was all that existed.

Module 5: Reading Assignment 4

In "Rape of the Lock", the importance of vanity in high society is shown when a fued between prominent families breaks out because someone stole a lock of belinda's hair. In "A Modest Proposal", it is also about the rich and all their luxuries. Offering to feed them the children of the poor for a price. I think he is trying to portray how twisted society can become. Money can buy and control just about anything. I think he is trying to compare the value of life to all those things we posess but that don't really have any value.

Module 5: Reading Assignment 3

A satire is a litery work containing wit, irony, and sarcasm. In "A Modest Proposal", Jonathan Swift talks about how the poor people could sell of their babies to the rich for food. He said it would help keep the population down and that at least the children would not die of starvation and poverty. He joked about how the children would be in season during a certain time of the year. I think he's really talking about how self destructive society can be to itself.
Swift seems to be discussing the reality of what women are really like before they hide behind their make- believe masks of illusion, all their flaws, in "The Lady's Dressing Room". Lady Montagu seems annoyed at him so she responds to his poem. She seems to be mimicing how he writes.

Module 5:Reading Assignment 2

"To The Fair Clarinda" is about love and desire. It is about the struggle of what makes people happy. It expresses that society was changing. People were becoming more open, sexually and socially. I don't think it was only about men and women, I think it was about all mixtures. Men with women, women with women, I think it was about becoming a free for all society.

The Age of Elizabeth

1. Mary hated Elizabeth because she beleievd that Elizabeth would take over the throne. When she did this, Mary believed that Elizabeth would change everything from the Catholic way to the Protestant way.
2. The role of the Anglican church in Elizabeth's reign was that they were against Elizabeth. They were against her because she believed that people should only believe in one God and the church did not like that.
3. The person who wanted to marry Elizabeth was the Spanish Ambassador. He wanted to do so because they would be guaranteed the right to the throne. Mary of Guise's nephew wnated to marry Elizabeth to end the war. Also, Lord Robert Dudley wanted to marry Elizabeth. Lord Robert Dudly wanted to do so because he was truely in love with her.
4. Elizabeth's lover was Lord Robert Dudley. Elizabeth does not kill him even though he does lie to her. Elizabeth does not kill him because she wanted to him live to see the danger she would be in.
5. Eleizabeth transforms into the Virgin Queen by cutting her hair and painting she face white. She then goes out infornt of the court and annouces that she is married to England.
6. I believe that Elizabeth I was one of the best English monarchs because during the time of her reign England grew and prospered. They went from a small, weak, poor country to a rich and powerful country.
7. Her roles changes the definition of women in power by showing that women do have strength. These women just need to express it more in their everyday lives. During the time she was Queen, women did practically nothing. The men did all the work. Men were seen as being superior to women, and women had no room to grow. Each and every one of those women did have the power inside them. All they just needed to do was show it and then they would have gotten the respect that they deserved.

Module 4 Assignment 2

Module 3- Assignment 6

My Question:
Considering the Pardoner's Tale, what can we learn about the relationship between a tale and its teller???

Answers to other Questions:
1) What is the moral of the pardoner's tale and how is this contradictory to what he preaches?
The moral of his story is that greed is the root of all evil. However, his lesson completely contradicts the actions he pursues in his day to day life. By accepting money for sins to pardon someone of that burden, he associates himself with religion, yet at the same time is committing a sin himself. His primary focus is to gain as much money as he can off of someone else's misfortune. Therefore his lesson is taught in a do what i say, don't do what I do, sort of manner.

2)What makes Chaunticleer groan and cluck in his sleep?
Chaunticleer groans and clucks in his sleep because of a bad dream. In this dream he was being chased by something, which to him resembles a fox. Because of that dream he now fears that something terrible will happen to him that has something to do with a fox, although he is unsure of what that may be. He also comes up with the reasoning that because he ate too much before sleeping, that the food was the cause of him having such a dream.

Module 3: reading assignment 6-Questions and Answers

My Questions
1. As soon as the fox opens his mouth, how does Chauntecler ensures that he will not be taken hold of again easily? To what place does he fly to?
2. After finishing his story about greed, what does the Pardoner say next?What does he say to his fallow travelers about how can they get forgiveness for their greed?

Answers to other two questions:
What is the moral of the Pardoner's Tale and how is this contradictory to what he preaches?
The moral of Pardoner's story is how greed is sinful. He preaches how love of money is the root to all evil. This is also ironic since he confesses that he likes to indulge himself with rich food and fine living. It seems that he contradict himself. While he preaches to others against greed in a meant time he admits that he is greedy one.
What makes Chaunticleer groan and cluck in his sleep?
The thing that makes Chauntecleer cluck and groan in his sleep was a nightmare. He dreamt that some kind of a beast came into yard and chased him around the yard. He describes the monster to be similar to color of a fox. Ofcourse we later learn that it was a fox, in a matter of fact.

Thursday, June 15, 2006

Module 3- Assignment 5

1. The message of this tale is that women are not given as much credit as they deserve. It gives women the centere of attention in a society where they were often overlooked and under-rated.
2. I would cast Angelina Jolie for this part. Mostly because she is full aware of her natural beauty, but also exemplifies a powerful woman who likes to be in charge.
3. I think from the tale that we can gather that Chaucer is saying that either male of female should completely dominate a relationship. If one of the two are completely submissive there may be resentment and unhappiness for one or both of them. But if the relationship is more focused on the satisfaction of both people it will be beneficial for both people.

Module 3- Assignment 4

1. I think the point of the Canterbury Tales was to give Chaucer a way to be real and express his honest opinion without doing it in a harsh light. With adding a bit of comedy he is able to convey the way society was without sugar-coating it for readers.
2. I think Chaucer would address all of these topics in the same way he described each of the characters. He would probably use humor to express his thoughts and be totally honest about the good, the bad, and the ugly with each. With marriage and fidelity he uses the Wife of Bath to show that although many people tried to say that they were sacred there were also people like her in society, who viewed them both in another light. With religion, he uses he monk, pardoner, and summoner to show that religion isn't the perfect solution, but that they are good examples of religious people, like the Priest. Also, with economics he uses the Pardoner to show that when it came to money that not all of it was being spent or used wisely.
3. The tone that the piece is written is the most captivating thing about it. This is one of the few pieces where there is humor and openness for everyone to see the faults of society.

Wednesday, June 14, 2006

Module 3: reading assignment 2

Assignment 1. The Courtly Love was practiced during the Middle Ages. It provided philosophy and codes for things like how to flirt with a lady, when is appropriate to make a move on a widow and so on. However, the relationships under a Courtly love were not between married couples, but rather between a lovers.
In Prolouge and Sir Gawain and The Green Knight Marie de France certainly uses Courtly love, as well. One can see this when a Gawain is having a thing with a queen. Even tough they are not engage into a sexual relationship they are certainly having a platonic one. Their relationship certainly falls under a courtly love. She is a noble married women and he is a knight. In a Prolouge it is a little bit harder to identify courtly love. This however does not mean that it does not exist. I think when a Marie talks about noble king and presents a gift to him can be classify as courtly love.
Assignment 2.
1. It is hard to say with certainty if she is describing her world of imagining it. I personally feel that she is doing both. She is maybe using some true elements and spacing it with imaginary ones. For example: When a queen accuses Lanval of homosexuality for rejecting her this is probably exactly what would happened in real life, but when she talks about maiden and other things thy are obviously pure fiction.
2.The appeal of this cycle comes from common peoples desire to make Arthur and his Knights real to them. They do not have any knowledge of what a royal life is like, and what is like to be royal. In my opinion they started their own stories about that life. This can also be seen trough the cycle people took Arthur and other characters. When people felt good about their present king and knights they told a good stories. When they felt bed they turned them into murderers. I think that this cycle definitely reflects people themselves as they are going trough the crises with their kings and the government.
3.The thing that makes this plot attractive to Marie is a fact that a women is in charge over a man. I believe that she enjoyed that. She used Lais beauty and charm to make her story more seductive and attractive.
4. She is not at his command . She is one that controls him with gifts and money. However , this can be argued because she is sexually under his command, and she does come when he calls her. I think thatshe still controles him more tough.
5. Since acussing someone of homosexuality wasa big deal at that time. When a queen acused Lnval, she not only affects him, but also king, as well. She creates a big mess with her accusation. This is also done to make a plot more interesting and amusing, too. This was a violent move from queens part. It also needed to be, because she knew what she have done was a very wrong and it could coast her life.
6.The thing that gets to a king is a charge of homosexuality. The reason he left it out is because he did not want to be embarrassed.
7. It is obvious that she understand feudal system. What her culture values is a word of a man, especially one in love. She uses the system to bring two lovers together. In my story the twist would be one lover is engaged to someone else. After a period of time husband dies. Then two of them find each other again and live happily ever after.
8. If a farie maiden kept her oath Lanval would die. In a tale like this that could not happened. The hero has to live and love has to prevail.
Extra Credit: Lnval
King Arthur distributes presents to his barons, but neglects to reward Lanval. Lanval depressed about his financial situation goes off to a country side. On his way he meets two lovely ladies who lead him to their mistress. She however, is very beautiful and rich. Lanval taken by her beauty and wealthiness becomes her lover. There is only one catch. She tells him that he has to keep their relationship a secret in order to keep seeing her when ever he wants and enjoy all of her money.Lanval happy in love excepts this. After he leaves his love Queen makes a pass at him. He rejects her. Angry about his rejection queen accuses him of homosexuality. Lanval defending him self tells a queen about his maiden and about her beauty, and points out that even her servant is more beautiful than her. Queen even angrier tells of this to king and accuses Lanval of trying to seduce her. King orders Lanval to a trial. Lanval knowing what he have done tries to call his love but she does not come. Barons are split about their decision do not know what to do. Lanval is than told in order to save his life he most bring maiden in to a court for everyone to see if she is the most beautiful women in the world. Suddenly, two maidens aper to request preparation for the arrival of their mistress. Lanval's lady arrives and everyone must admit that she is the most beautiful lady in the world. Lanval is than set free and he leaves with the lady and is never herd from again.